Loyd Morris Bloomfield, Bloomfield Letters, Columbus, Ohio 1893
Clement, John, “William Henry Spafford 1843-1925”, self-published genealogy
Dick, Mr. First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery : report to the Committee on Military Affairs, 56th Congress, 1st session, House of Representatives, April 14, 1900. Report no. 1008. (Columbus, Ohio : Ohio Historical Society, 1988)
Henry Martin Davidson, History of Battery A, First Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery, 1865 – Written at Freedom Ohio, printed Milwaukee
Egbert Viele’s “Hand-Book for Active Service”, New York : D. Van Nostrand, 1861
1) National Archives – no known copyright restrictions
2) Public domain. Excerpted from newspapers published before 1923. From the files of the Lincoln Financial Foundation.
3) Lincoln sat for this photo in his inauguration clothese before leaving Springfield for Washigton on his 11-day whistle stop tour. From The Life of Abraham Lincoln, Ida M. Tarbell. Public domain published before 1923.
4) Elizabeth Johnson’s Pawtucket History Research Center, Pawtucket Public Library. Public domain. Email
5) Library of Congress public domain
6) Battery A, 1st Michigan Light Artillery from niche.ncats.net/ Newaygo County Historical Archives on a page commenorating War Veterans. Public domain
7) Public Domain from the RedBadgeOfCourage.org – a website devoted to students, teachers, and readers of Stephen Crane’s 1895 book.
8) Public domain Lincoln National Life Foundation reproduction of an illustration appearing in Gleasn’s Picorial Drawing-Room Companion, a 19th century illustrated periodical of Boston founded in 1851.
9) Thehistoricfoodie.wordpress.com by Victoria Rumble. Also reproduced from archives of the 2011 Missouri Literary Festival: The Civil War. Public Domain
10) Battery B, 1st Light Artillery Illinois at Bird’s Point, Missouri May 1861. Chicago Historical Society found at Civilwartalkcom. Public domain
11) photo from Kathleen Endres, Cophrighted 2012. email posted
12) Library of Congress copy 3c04949
13) Public Domain from publicaton before 1923. Harpers Weekly 1862
14) LegendsOfAmerica.com celebrating the role of “Mother Birkendyke”, fearless heroine from Kno County of Ohio who was a caring nurse for many sounded Union soldiers. Widely reproduced public domain photo by Mathew Brady, U.S. War Department
15) Illustration appeared in January 1862 Frank Leslie Illustrated Newspaper. Civil War collectin of Western Kentucky University. Ublic Domain
16) By Henri Lovie (1829-1875) from Harper’s Pictorial History of the Great Rebellion. Wikipedia public domain.
17) National Archives public domain
18) LearnNC.org website. Public domain
19) Natonal Archives public domain
20) RedBadgeOfCourage.org – a website devoted to students, teachers, and readers of Stephen Crane’s 1895 book. Public Domain.
21) Library of Congress Repro #LC-USZ62-3581 public domain
22) Thure de Thulstrup. Restoration by Adam Cuerden, produced by L. Prang & Company
23) Shiloh, Tenn, April 1862 Library of Congress cps 3b07180
24) Union soldiers running toward riverboat at landing. Library of Congress cps 3b07177
25) The original “Shiloh Meeting House” was a one room log house with handmade furnishings built by Southern Methodists about 1853, nine years after the church had split on the question of slavery. From this “place of peace” the battle derived it’s name. Public Domain National Park Service U.S. Government
26) Originally thought to depict rengthes fefore the battle of Petersburg, later research places it before the Second Battle of Fredericksburgh in the Spring of 1863. National Archive identifier 524576.
27) Library of Congress cph 3b07181
28) Shattered at Fredericksburg, VA. Library of Congress LC-DIG-ppmsca-32892
29) Library of Congress ppmsca 35455
30) Library of Congress, Wikipedia Commons Public Domain; Cuerden stipulates free use with attribution.
31) Corona College Corinth postcard. Public domain – Wikipedia – published prior to 1923.
32) Civil War Family. Public Domain from publication prior to 1923.
33) Public domain image from archives of Cincinnati Enquirer during 1865 construction of Roebling Suspension Bridge completed that year.
34) Overland Pony Express photographed by Savage from painting by George M. Ottinger 1867. Library of Congress cps 3c27508 scan from Harper’s Weekly V11 no. 566, Nov 2 1867. Wikimedia content free of restrictions.
35) Bill Jennings had donated this image to the Decatur County GAR chapter whose website is coordinaed by Jerry L. Butler. Jennings is now deceased.
36) Contributed to Wikimedia with free use providing attribution to Parsa.
37) Family photo from John C. Clement. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=johnclem04&id=I704
38) Union pacific historical image. Email sent requesting permission of Historic Laramie
39) KenHal image from Panoramio.com.
40) KenHal image from Panoramio.com.
41) KenHal image from Panoramio.com.
42) Tundra Swan – from Restoration Partnership (restoration partnership.org). “Photographs on this web site are not copyrighted.”